Here you will find information about stroke and nursing diagnosis for stroke, and what really stroke is?
What Is Stroke?
Stroke is essential, it is a neurological deficit caused by the decrease of blood flow to a portion of the brain.
We have Ischemic Vs Hemorrhagic stroke. We will tell you quite about this also. The lack of blood flow greater than 10 minutes can cause irreversible damage.
An ischemic stroke several days after the initial stroke. So this will be the right side on the brain, this will be on the left. Regardless if it is ischemic or hemorrhagic, what we are concerned about here is the decrease of blood flow to the portion of the brain.
Much like a heart attack, if vessels become occluded or if one of the vessels rupture, we have that issue or blood flow they are not progressing beyond that point. Without blood flow, it is not getting oxygen and we have tissue death. So that was the what is stroke essentially is.
If we are talking about Ischemic Stroke then of course we are talking about a blood clot. This makes about 87% of all strokes and it is not initially identifiable on a CT. So what happens when the patient comes in with like symptoms, altered levels consciousness, facial droop, and things like that.
So we automatically are concerned that it could be ab ischemic stroke and we begin our interventions for that.
With a hemorrhagic stroke, we have bleed. We have week blood vessel ruptures and the patient will call it the worst headache of their life. So a lot of time we have like an aneurysm on one of the vessels in the brain and the portion of the aneurysm on the upside is generally the weakest part. So what will happens is eventually that could rapture and then that would cause blood flow out of here and we’d lose blood flow distal to that.
So that of course a huge concern as well. Both of these as we told you are limiting the blood flow beyond that point.
Some of the risk factors we have put that you need to watch out for the patient who may be at risk for stroke. Here we have made a list of risk factors for you.
- Cardiac dysrhythmias
- Substance Abuse
- Oral contraceptives
- Anticoagulant therapy
These are making our vessels weaker and they are making our vessels less adaptable to blood flow and things like that. So, blood is less able to flow, vessels become weaker and atherosclerosis can lead to clots.
How Do We Assess This?
Nursing Diagnosis For Stroke
Here are the nursing diagnosis for stroke
- Clinical Assessment
- Cerebral Angiogram
First of all Clinical Assessment, we have to build assess for stroke symptoms, facial droop, they are not talking right, they have altered mental status.
We can do a CT and initiatives that will help us to be able to find a hemorrhagic stroke or an ischemic stroke a couple of days after.
We can also run MRI, it is gonna be a little more conductive to see a stroke. We can do a cerebral angiogram where we can inject a dye up into a cerebral state.
The stroke has two types and both types will decrease your blood flow to the portion of the brain. And it has many risk factors like diabetes, HTN, Diabetes, Atherosclerosis, Cardiac dysrhythmias, Substance Abuse, Obesity, Oral contraceptives, and Oral contraceptives.
Nursing diagnosis for stroke
Nursing diagnosis for strokes are Clinical Assessment, cerebral Angiogram, CTI, and MRI. So these were the nursing diagnosis for stroke.
“Hope this article helps you to learn something about stroke and nursing diagnosis for stroke, Thank You!”