Nursing Care Plan For Ineffective Breathing Pattern

Here we will share the information about the Nursing care plan for the Ineffective Breathing Pattern.

Ineffective Breathing Pattern

Ineffective Breathing Pattern is a state when there is inadequate ventilation in the results of the process of breathing or respiration inadequate ventilation may cause mild to serious complications and damage to the entire body system of a person.

below is a sample of nursing care plane for patients with ineffective breathing pattern.

Ineffective Breathing Pattern

“I can not breathe well because of my chest pain” by the patient”


I clearly observe to the patient his/her difficulty of breathing and shortness of breath in response to his/her altered breath depth and altered chest excursion. As I observe the timing ratio, there are prolonged expiration phases. Nasal flaring and grunting also observed. The vital sign is taken and noted as follow:

Body temperature is 35.7 degrees Celsius, blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg, respiratory rate is 23 cycles per minute, and pulse rate is 110BPM.

3 Reason You Must Familiar With Different Breathing Patterns

  • Because you will be required to know this information for exams in school
  • Because you will see this information in again when you take your board exams
  • Because you will need to recognize these breathing patterns once you start seeing patients on your own as a respiratory therapist

Different breathing patterns

  • Eupnea
  • Tachypnea
  • Bradepnea
  • Apnea
  • Hypernea
  • Cheyne-Stokes


Eupnea is normal breathing and includes a normal respiratory rate of 12-20 breaths per minute. The pattern depth, and rhythm and are normally as normal rate.


Tachypnea means that there is an increased respiratory rate rather than 20 breaths per minute. It is caused by hypoxia, fever, pain, or central nervous system problems.


Bradepnea means that there is a decreased respiratory rate of fewer than 12 breaths per minute. It is caused by sleep, drug overdose, alcohol, and some metabolic disorder.


Apnea means that there is no breathing. It is a complete shutdown of the respiratory system. The patient is not breathing. It is seen in death, head trauma, and strokes.


Hypernea means that there is increased respiratory rate, rhythm, and depth of breathing. It is usually caused by metabolic or CNS order.


It is an abnormal breathing pattern with periods of progressively deeper breath alternating with periods of shallow breathing and apnea.


Ineffective Breathing Pattern

Ineffective Breathing Pattern related to the difficulty of breathing as manifested by prolonged expiration phases than inspiration. (Remember that expiration also called exhalation is breathing out while inspiration, also known as inhalation is breathing in).


After 30 minutes of nursing intervention, the patient will be able to do a coping mechanism to improve his breathing pattern. (When it comes t9o difficulty of breathing nursing intervention must be done in a short period of time)


You must determine if there is the presence of factors and physical conditions that would cause breathing impairment. Start by calculating the chest to regulate the type of breathing patterns such as tachypnea, grunting, Cheynes-stokes, and other irregular patterns. Cheynes-stokes breathing is an abnormal pattern of very shallow breaths to alternating apnea and deep, rapid breathing which is also called periodic respiration.

Ineffective breathing may also occur when the patient is experiencing the pain and discomfort that may restrict limit respiratory effort. positioning may help or prevent this situation, so encourage the patient to the position of comfort by elevating the head of the bed or have a client to sit upon a chair, as appropriate, to promote physiologic ease of maximal inspiration.

If immobility is the factor, you need to reposition the patient at least every 2 hours.

Encourage slower deeper respiration, use purse lip technique to assist in taking control of the situation and if symptoms persist, administer oxygen at the lowest concentration as indicated and prescribed respiratory medication for management of the underlying pulmonary condition. If obstruction of secretion is the cause of suction airway as needed to clear the secretion.

Just remember to maintain calm and attitude while dealing with the patient and to level of anxiety. Monitor pulse oximetry, as indicated to verify maintenance in oxygen saturation, and maintain equipment in a readily accessible location and include age size appropriate, ET tubes when ventilatory support might be needed.


After 30 minutes of nursing interventions, the patient did the coping mechanism to improve his breathing pattern.


So that was the Nursing Care Plan For Ineffective Breathing Pattern. Well, the Ineffective Breathing Pattern is basically the disorder of the breathing system. many patients say that they can not breathe well because of their chest pain etc. Here we share with you Nursing Care Plan For Ineffective Breathing Pattern.

“hope this article helps you learn something about Nursing Care Plan For Ineffective Breathing Pattern and ineffective breathing pattern”

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